Risk of measles outbreak Joint report It was released by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the World Health Organization on Wednesday.According to , due to a significant decline in vaccination rates among children worldwide
For the past few decades, measles has been relatively contained due to a two-dose vaccination that is 97 percent effective. Measles vaccination rates have continued to decline since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, with nearly 40 million children missing one or both doses in 2021, a record number, according to the CDC and WHO. is high
Due to the pandemic, 61 million doses of measles vaccine were postponed or missed in 18 countries in 2021, the report found.
“This reduction represents a significant setback in global progress toward achieving and sustaining measles elimination and leaves millions of children vulnerable to infection,” the two agencies said in a news release.
According to the CDC and WHO, in 2021, there were approximately 9 million measles cases and 128,000 measles deaths worldwide. According to the report, twenty-two countries experienced “large and devastating outbreaks” — a trend that continued through 2022.
The report found that based on the most recent data, only 81 percent of children worldwide are receiving the first dose, and only 71 percent are receiving the second dose. This marks the “lowest global coverage rate” since 2008, the CDC and WHO found.
“The paradox of the pandemic is that when vaccines against COVID-19 were developed in record time and deployed in the largest vaccination campaign in history,” WHO Director-General Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said in a statement. Routine immunization programs were badly affected.”
Now, the two agencies are advising authorities around the world to get their immunization systems back on track to prevent more missed vaccinations.
“Measles outbreaks reflect weaknesses in immunization programs,” CDC Director Dr. Rochelle P. Walinsky said in a statement. “Public health officials can help identify at-risk communities, understand the reasons for low vaccination rates, and provide locally developed solutions to ensure that vaccines are available to all. “
The report emphasized that the best way to control the deadly virus is for all stakeholders to put their resources into the immunization surveillance system.
through The 2030 Immunization Agenda The global strategy – which aims to provide vaccine access to everyone worldwide – WHO and the CDC hope that all children can be immunized, and that outbreaks can be detected and It can be answered immediately.
“We have a short window of time to quickly make up ground lost in measles vaccination and protect every child,” UNICEF’s head of immunization, Ephrem Tekle Lemango, said in a statement. “The time has come for decisive action.”
Last week, health officials in central Ohio reportedIn many child care facilities. At that time, officials said 18 cases were under investigation. All the cases were in unvaccinated children, and 17 of the 18 infected children were under the age of five.