Washington — gave The Supreme Court refused on Tuesday. To prevent the Treasury Department from turning over years of former President Donald Trump’s tax returns to the House Ways and Means Committee, it would have cleared the way for Democrats to obtain the records weeks before Republicans took control of the House in January. Is.
The full court’s latest order dissolves an interim injunction issued by Chief Justice John Roberts, who oversees emergency cases arising from the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Columbia Circuit.By obtaining Trump’s records. There were no significant differences.
House Speaker Nancy Pelosi praised the decision Tuesday, saying “the documents are critical to fulfilling the House’s constitutional mandate: protecting the public interest, defending our national security and holding our public officials accountable.”
Meanwhile, Trump criticized the Supreme Court and said Post On his social media platform, Truth Social, that his request to stop the release of his tax information was rejected is no surprise.
“The handing over of tax returns is unprecedented, and sets a terrible precedent for future presidents,” the former president wrote. Yes,” the former president wrote. “The Supreme Court has lost its respect, dignity and standing, and has become a political institution, which is costing our country. They have refused to even look at the sham of the 2020 elections. But it’s a shame!”
The dispute between Trump and the Ways and Means Committee stems from Chairman Richard Neal’s April 2019 request to the Internal Revenue Service for Trump’s individual tax records and eight of his businesses from 2013 to 2018. Neal, a Massachusetts Democrat, filed under a federal law that allows the Ways and Means chairman to request the tax returns of certain individuals.
Neal is seeking returns to determine whether Trump and his companies are complying with tax laws, and to monitor whether the former president was audited by the IRS.Completely and properly“
At the time, the Treasury Department refused to comply, arguing that the request was not supported by any legitimate legislative purpose. House Democrats then sued the IRS and the department to force them to turn over the tax information.
After a change in presidential administration, and as the court battle continued, Neal renewed a five-year request for income tax returns from 2015 to 2020 from Trump and his businesses. Also the Justice Department’s Office of Legal CounselThe committee found “substantial reasons” for requesting Trump’s tax information and that the Treasury Department had to turn over the records, a reversal of a legal analysis conducted under the Trump administration. And turn the material over to Congress.
Trump againDemocrats did not have a valid legislative purpose in releasing his tax records to obtain his returns, and the request violated the Constitution in part because it was politically motivated. But a federal district court sided with the Democrats, finding Neal’s request to proceed with a congressional study of the presidential audit program. A three-judge panel on the D.C. Circuit affirmed the lower court’s decision.
Senior U.S. Circuit Judge David Santell wrote The 33-page ruling said the Democrats’ request was made “in furtherance of a subject that could be legislated” and rejected the former president’s claims that Democrats were seeking to cut his taxes. The request for information was unconstitutional.
“While it is possible that Congress may try to threaten a sitting president with an aggressive petition after he leaves office, every president takes office knowing that he will be subject to the same laws as all other citizens after he leaves office. ,” Santell wrote. “This is a feature of our democratic republic, not a bug.”
Trump asked the full D.C. Circuit to reconsider the decision, but it declined to rehear the case.
The IRS was scheduled to release the former president’s financial records to the Ways and Means Committee on Nov. 3, but Trumpto interfere and prevent the agency from altering its returns. Roberts’ temporary stay prevented his release.
In their filing with the high court, Trump’s lawyers warned that the legal battle between the former president and the House committee raised separation of powers questions that would affect future presidents.
“The committee’s purpose in requesting President Trump’s tax returns has nothing to do with funding or staffing issues at the IRS and everything to do with the release of the president’s tax information to the public,” he claimed.
But in asking the Supreme Court to allow the House to obtain Trump’s records, the Biden administration repeated The lower courts concluded that Neal’s request served a legitimate legislative purpose, and that it “warranted the inclusion of the former president’s papers because it affected a program applicable only to the president and vice president.” “
Solicitor General Elizabeth Preluger wrote, “The request was not overbroad; the request presented detailed and specific evidence that the requested tax information would further its purpose; and the request did not require a former president, incumbent, or institution There will not be an undue burden on the institution. Presidency.”
In a separate Filinglawyers for the Ways and Means Committee told the Supreme Court that Trump’s single term in office raised and heightened concerns about the IRS’s ability to effectively enforce federal tax laws on presidents.
“Unlike his predecessors, Mr. Trump owned a complex web of businesses, engaged in business activities internationally, had an aggressive history of tax avoidance (as he boasted), claimed that he has been under ‘constant audits’ since before his presidency, and repeatedly. He wrote that his IRS audits were ‘unfair,’ adding that these “substantial concerns” led Neal to Trump. Prompted the tax agency to launch an investigation into the presidential audit program regarding returns.
House lawyers also warned that “blessing” Trump’s position on the matter would “significantly undermine Congress’ constitutional authority to investigate and legislate.”
“Treasury’s delay in providing the requested tax information will give the committee and Congress little or no time to complete their legislative work during this Congress, which is rapidly drawing to a close,” he said. arriving.”